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Introduced species

List of introduced species occuring in the Baltic Sea according to HELCOM RED LIST FISHES 2/2011, vectors and impacts from Baltic Sea Alien Species Database (http://www.corpi.ku.lt/nemo/)  and the European Network on Invasive  Alien Species (http://www.nobanis.org/)

List of introduced species (January 2012)

Scientific name Fishbase name Comment Vector Possible ecological impact

Pristis pectinatus

Smalltooth sawfish

Only reported once

Shipping?

 

Acipenser baeri

Siberian sturgeon

Temporary occurence

Stocking

Hybridisation

Acipenser gueldenstaedtii

Danube sturgeon

Temporary occurence

Stocking

Hybridisation, transfer of disease

Acipenser ruthenus

Sterlet sturgeon

Temporary occurence

Stocking

Hybridisation

Acipenser stellatus

Starry sturgeon

Temporary occurence

Stocking

Transfer of parasites

Huso huso

Beluga

Temporary occurence

Stocking

Hybridisation

Carassius gibelio

Prussian carp

Regular occurence

Stocking

Competition, community dominance, hybridisation

Ctenopharyngodon idella

Grass carp

Temporary occurence

Stocking

Competition*

Cyprinus carpio

Common carp

Regular occurence

Stocking

Community dominance,, habitat change*

Hypophthalmichthys molitrix

Silver carp

Temporary occurence

Stocking

Competition, community dominance, hybridisation

Hypophthalmichthys nobilis

Bighead carp

Temporary occurence

Stocking

Unknown

Catostomus catostomus

Longnose sucker

Temporary occurence

Stocking

Hybridisation, food-prey

Ameiurus nebulosus

Brown bullhead

Temporary occurence

Aquaria

Unknown

Coregonus peled

Peled

Temporary occurence

Stocking

Hybridisation, predation

Oncorhynchus gorbuscha

Pink salmon

Temporary occurence

Stocking

Competition, food-prey, hybridsation, predation, trasfer of diseases

Oncorhynchus keta

Chum salmon

Temporary occurence

Stocking

Competition, food-prey, predation

Oncorhynchus kisutch

Coho salmon

Temporary occurence

Stocking

Competition, predation, trasfer of diseases

Oncorhynchus mykiss

Rainbow trout

Regular occurence

Stocking

Competition, food-prey, habitat change, hybridsation, predation, trasfer of diseases

Oncorhynchus tshawytscha

Chinook salmon

Temporary occurence

Stocking

Predation

Salvelinus namaycush

Lake trout

Temporary occurence

Stocking

Bioaccumulation, hybridization, predation

Salvelinus fontinalis

Brook trout

Temporary occurence

Stocking

Competition, hybridisation, predation

Astronotus ocellatus

Oscar

Temporary occurence

Unknown

Unknown

Neogobius fluviatilis

Monkey goby

Temporary occurence

Shipping?

Unknown

Babka gymnotrachelus

Racer Goby

Temporary occurence

Shipping?

Competition

Neogobius melanostomus

Round goby

Regular occurence

Shipping

bioaccumulation, competition, food-prey, habitat change, predation

Liopsetta glacialis

Arctic flounder

Only reported once

Shipping?

 

 

 

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CONTRIBUTORS
Teija Aho and Ann-Britt Florin, Swedish University of Agricultural Science, Sweden
Annica Sandström, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden


Responsible editor: Teija Aho, Swedish University of Agricultural Science, Sweden 
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